Cyber terrorism is a form of terrorism which the criminals use computers and the internet as a medium to commit crimes. Issues surrounding this type of crime have become high-profile, generally those including hacking, computer virus, computer worms and e-mail related crimes. We can easily observe the cases of cyber-related crimes are rising on news, even in local or other countries.
In my point of view, Cyber Terrorism is an inevitable phenomenon in an advanced society. The intentions of cyber terrorists using cyberspace as a channel to commit crimes can be defined in different ways. Many people assume that the objective of cyber terrorists are only focus on computer hacking, they only commit crimes through internet.
However, there are another reasons for the criminal to commit cyber crimes. On behalf of explaining the purpose of cyber terrorism, the criminals can be politically intended hacking operations, their purpose is to cause tremendous harm to the society such as loss of life or economic damages. Second, the behaviors of the criminals can be unlawful attacks and threats of attack against computers, networks, and the information stored therein when done to intimidate.
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Third, the criminals coerce a government or its people for the political or social objectives. Forth, cyber terrorism can be a physical attack that ruins computerized systems for critical infrastructures.
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Such as the internet, water supply and telecommunications. Except for the above objectives of Cyber Terrorism, some authoritative organizations also have their own definition on the term of it. The U. Now we can have a thoroughly understanding of why the terrorists choose cyberspace as a medium to commit crimes. The forms of cyber terrorism are multi-faceted, cyber terrorists use various tools and methods to achieve their purposes. The first mean is hacking. Hacking refers to all forms of unauthorized and illegal methods to access a computer system or a network.
Some people are underestimate the harmful effect. Here is a terror example showing the seriousness of hacking.
Cyber Terrorism A Global Menace Criminology Essay
Unluckily, A patient was killed by an overdose of penicillin after the hacker broke into the hospital computers and altered his prescription. The other form of cyber terrorism is Computer Viruses. It is generally a computer program that can infect other computer programs by modifying them in such way as to include a copy of it. In fact, the virus are very dangerous and its harmful effect are massive.
- INFORMATION AGE TERRORISM;
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Help new window. Print Copy link 1 of 1 documents. Cyber terrorrism threats. Abstract Summary The purpose of this study is to explore the potential threats that are posed uniquely by cyber terrorism. Indexing document details. The cyberterrorist could utilize an entirely new class of weaponry, possibly including malicious software or electromagnetic pulse generators, to manipulate or destroy information in cyberspace. Because cyberterrorists do not operate using " conventional" techniques, the lessons learned from previous counter and anti-terrorism efforts might be of limited value.
This thesis reaches several conclusions regarding information age terrorism.
First, the definition of terrorism must change to include cyberviolence and disruption. Second, the terrorist threat is likely to become more "demassified," with smaller numbers of individuals able to create disruption via virtual worldwide organizations.
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Third, the pattern of state sponsorship is likely to change. While old state sponsors will continue to exist, terrorists may turn to poorer states or choose to fund themselves via information warfare crime. Fourth, information warfare techniques may afford terrorists the ability to target their message more effectively. Fifth, the nature of offense and defense in cyberspace does not mirror that of "conventional" offense and defense in the physical world.
Tomorrow's terrorist may be able to do more damage with a keyboard than with a bomb. As the world enters the 21st century, the information revolution will continue to propel the United States into the "third wave" of development according to Alvin and Heidi toffler. As discussed in The Third Wave and their most recent work, War and Anti-War , the way a state wages war is similar to how it makes wealth. This idea might be applied to terrorism and revolutionary violence.
Lewis Gann's Guerrillas in History provides an overview of substate violence across history. Substate actors, unless being supplied by another state, normally possess weapons that are inferior to those of the target state, They often use weapons stolen from, or discarded by, the state. As the technology , complexity, and lethality of weapons systems increased during the twentieth century, these weapons were even more tightly controlled by the state, widening the gap between state and substate " firepower.
As the world shifts into the "third wave," where information and its control are rapidly becoming the most important considerations for the advancing societies of the first world, will we see a corresponding shift by terrorists and revolutionaries to using "information warfare" weapons and techniques to press their case? While terrorists and revolutionaries have "kept pace with the advance of technology, consistently exploiting new and under defended targets, embassies, airplane hijackings, hostage taking, airplane bombing they have done so through evolution, not innovation.
Bruce Hoffman contends, "What innovation does occur is mostly in the methods used to conceal and detonate explosive devise, not in their tactics or in their use of non-conventional weapons i. There has already been a shift toward "information warfare" across other parts of the "conflict spectrum" with these techniques being used by criminals, agents of espionage, revolutionaries, and armies engaged in warfare. A corresponding shift in terrorist tactics has yet to occur. While some argue that it is merely a matter of time before we are faced with a major information warfare attack, there are several reason that terrorists may not actively pursue these techniques.
This onset of the information-dependent third wave provides opportunities for spectacular gains, and serious losses for individuals, corporations, and states. It is within this world that the cyberterrorist will operate.